what does isaiah 43:3 mean

If it be so, that the glorious God has really and of a truth loved us, His people, and valued us at a mighty price, then see how secure His people are! The next two oracles of the book (Isaiah 43:1-13and 43:14—44:5) focus on redemption from captivity. In the first one the LORD promises to regather His undeserving nation (servant) and renew them. The Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour. It is derived from כפר kâphar - whence the Latin cooperio; the Italian coprire, the French couvrir; the Norman coverer, and converer; and the English cover, and means literally to cover; to cover over; to overlay with anything, as pitch, as in Genesis 6:14. It is not improbable that the prophet here refers to the facts referred to in that chapter, and the destruction which it is there said would come upon that land. ransom = atonement price. 25 I, even I, am he who blots out your transgressions, for my own sake, and remembers your sins no more. Lowth says, ‹perhaps it may mean, generally, that God had often saved his people at the expense of other nations, whom he had as it were in their stead given up to destruction.‘ The exact historical facts in the case cannot be clearly made out; nor is this to be wondered at, that many things of this nature should remain obscure for want of the light of history, which in regard to those times is extremely deficient. Since therefore he has hitherto manifested so great anxiety on your behalf, you have no need to be anxious about the future.” Thus if at any time doubts arise in our minds about the providence of God, or about his promises, we ought to bring to remembrance the benefits which he has already bestowed upon us; for we shall be chargeable with extreme ingratitude if, after having received from God so many benefits, we doubt of his kindness for the future. [Proverbs 11:8] Saul and his people were afflicted by the Philistines, that David might escape. 2), it seems to have been Meroe, a province of Ethiopia, distinguished for its wealth and commerce, surrounded by the two arms or branches of the Nile. Note, next, the honour which God puts upon them. So the Chaldee, 'I gave the Egyptians as a commutation for thee' (חליפך chălı̂ypâk). Whatever we may think of the Israel of God, the Lord thinks more of it than words can express. (d) I turned Sennacherib's power against these countries, and made them suffer the affliction which you would have done, and so were as the payment of our ransom, Isa 37:9. In the course of history the claims of various countries came into collision with those of Israel, and Egypt proudly oppressed Israel. He is willing to give us all to just come home to Him one day. THE LORD’S DECLARATION OF HIS OWN NAME. However, this is incorrect. He observes that although Cyrus did not conquer them, yet that it was done by his successors. Cambyses conquered Egypt, and destroyed many of its cities, and never since has there been a native prince sitting upon the throne of Pharaoh. There still remain the ruins of a metropolis of the same name, not far from the town of Shandy (Keppel‘s Travels in Nubia and Arabia, 1829). Thy Saviour - This was another characteristic. Thus the Septuagint, Ἐποίησα ἄλλαγμά σου Αἴγυπτον, κ.τ.λ. Isaiah 53 (52:13-53:12) The Making of a Godly Leader Isaiah 60:1-5 A Shining Light. Did He hesitate as to which of the two peoples should be preserved? - Secker. But the word properly refers to the past time, and the scope of the passage requires us to understand it of past events. I wouldn't have the struggles that I do. Ver. Before the banners of Assyria and, Babylon and Medo-Persia came to the front, the dragon of Egypt was a mighty ensign. 11. 1:153), and it is actually (though wrongly) attributed to him by Xenophon. and share the same fate. The Lord is the covenant God of his people, holy in himself, and the sanctifier of them, and their Saviour in time of trouble; and therefore need no doubt of his presence and support amidst all their afflictions; and besides they should call to mind past experiences of his goodness, to encourage their faith in him, as to present help and assistance: I gave Egypt for thy ransom; he sacrificed the Egyptians instead of the Israelites; he destroyed the firstborn of Egypt, and saved Israel his firstborn; he drowned the Egyptians in the Red sea, when the Israelites passed safely through it; and the destruction of the former was to make way for the salvation of the latter, and so said to be a ransom for them; see Proverbs 11:8. He never changes, but as he reveals deeper and deeper layers of the truth, his people experience aspects of God and his salvation in brand new ways and depths. What does it mean to be light? One of them must perish; and God chose that Egypt, though so much more mighty and powerful, should be reduced to desolation in order to deliver his people. If everything were at peace with us, and if we had no troubles, we should not see this grace of God; for when a thousand deaths appear to hang over us, and when there appears no way of escape, and when he suddenly drives back the tyrants, or turns them in another direction, we then know by experience what the Prophet says, and perceive his invaluable kindness toward us. openly polluted himself, God declares that still his covenant shall not be made void, because he is always like himself. I gave Egypt for thy ransom. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Israel is first exhorted not to fear (43:1-7) because God formed them and called them in the past; and because they are precious to Him they will be regathered from the whole earth. What did God do? The Holy One of Israel - It was one of his characteristics that he was the God of Israel. But the word properly refers to the past time, and the scope of the passage requires us to understand it of past events. He confirms the preceding statement by the experience of the past; for the Lord had formerly assisted his people in such a manner that it was reasonable and proper that believers should safely rely on his grace. kopher. It means that he had made them honorable by the favors bestowed on them; not that they were honorable in reference to their own personal character and worth. Isaiah 43:3 "For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Savior: I gave Egypt [for] thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee." In particular, he refers to the fact that Cambyses invaded and subdued Egypt (Herod. Ant. The Lord chose the seed of Abraham, and the family of Jacob: He multiplied them, and instructed them, and made them to be His own peculiar people. Egypt contained the wisest and most civilised people of early times. It reminds us of the words--“Just, and the justifier of him that believeth.” Here we have one so holy as to be separate from sinners and yet the Saviour of sinners. Israel is the servant spoken of in Isaiah who will not break a bruised reed. The cypressflower, the alhenna of the Arabs, so called because the powder of the leaves was used to cover over or besmear the nails in order to produce the reddish color which Oriental femmes regarded as an ornament (Simonis; Exodus 29:36; Exodus 30:10, Exodus 30:16. iii. II. The noun (כפר kôpher) means: 1. Isaiah 34:1 "Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it." Ethiopia. A village or hamlet, as beans a cover or shelter to the inhabitants (1 Samuel 6:18; compare the word כפר kâphâr in 1 Chronicles 27:25; Nehemiah 6:2; Genesis 6:14. ), An amplification of the phrase, “I have redeemed thee” (Isaiah 43:1). I. They took their place, and were destroyed instead of the Hebrews, in order that they might be delivered from the bondage under which they groaned. Vitringa explains it of Shalmaneser's design upon the kingdom of Judah, after he had destroyed that of Samaria, from which he was diverted by carrying the war against the Egyptians, Cusheans, and Sabeans. The LORD then brings the people forth as a witness that H… To believers alone this brings the assurance, that he who hath chosen them wishes to be continually their God, and to preserve them; and therefore hath separated them to be his inheritance. It is not improbable that the prophet here refers to the facts referred to in that chapter, and the destruction which it is there said would come upon that land. What a New Testament combination this is--“The Holy One, thy Saviour”! (When you are over your head in worrie's,God is with you. The word נתתי nâthattı̂y - 'I gave' is rendered by Gesenius (Commentary in loc. ii. Hence, to cover over sins; to overlook; to forgive; and hence, to make an expiation for sins, or to atone for transgression so that it may be forgiven Genesis 32:21; Exodus 30:15; Leviticus 4:20; Leviticus 5:26; Leviticus 11:24; Leviticus 16:6; Psalm 65:4; Psalm 78:38; Proverbs 16:14; Jeremiah 18:25; Ezekiel 45:20; Daniel 9:24. - 'I made Egypt, etc., thy ἄλλαγμα allagma - a commutation for thee; a change for thee; I put it in thy place, and it was destroyed instead of thee.' Here Egypt, Cush, Seba are linked with Israel and can be understood in the Hebrew as being placed under Israel's subjection!! “For I am the Lord thy God.” This is the grandest possible reason for not fearing. ), and by Noyes, in the future, ‹I will give.‘ Gesenius supposes that it refers to the fact that the countries specified would be made desolate, in order to effect the deliverance of the Jews. Isaiah 43:3-4. 2. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour, kopher}, means properly “that with which anything is overlaid,” as the pitch with which the ark was overlaid; hence that which, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Theocracy, the, or Immediate Government by God. ), “I give Egypt as thy ransom.” The meaning appears to be that Cyrus will be compensated for the emancipation of Israel by the conquest of these African nations which did not belong to the Babylonian Empire. There has been much variety, as has already been intimated, in the interpretation of this, and in regard to the time and events referred to. xlv. I gave Egypt for thy ransom - This is commonly supposed to refer to the time of Sennacherib's invasion; who, when he was just ready to fall upon Jerusalem, soon after his entering Judea, was providentially diverted from that design, and turned his arms against the Egyptians, and their allies the Cushean Arabians, with their neighbors the Sabeans, probably joined with them under Tirhakah. Isaiah 43:3. What love we ought to bear to God! While Sennacherib was rushing on with his whole might against Judea, the Lord, by throwing over him a bridle, suddenly checked him, and entangled him by other wars, so that he was constrained to withdraw his army; and thus the Egyptians and Ethiopians were signally defeated, while the people of God were allowed to breathe. But the Prophet borrowed this mode of expression from the ordinary language of men; as if he had said, “The Egyptians, the Ethiopians, and the Sabeans came in thy room, and, as if an exchange had been made, were constrained to suffer the destruction to which thou wast exposed; for, in order to preserve thee, I destroyed them, and delivered them instead of thee into the hand of the enemy.” But we must attend to the history. The argument is, that if he had suffered Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba to be desolated and ruined instead of them, or in order to effect their deliverance, they had nothing to fear from Babylon or any other hostile nation, but that he would effect their deliverance even at the expense of the overthrow of the most mighty kingdoms. Furthermore, Jehovah means sovereignty. And if God's giving up the Egyptians to destruction - themselves so guilty and deserving of death - in order to save his people, was a proof of his love for them, how much greater is the demonstration of his love when he gives his own holy Son to the bitter pains of death on a cross, in order that his church may be redeemed! Created— That made thee his people, and that in so miraculous a manner as if he had created thee a second time. God the Savior. There is something in every name of God which may breed faith in our souls. Jehovah, again, is a name of immutability. Remember also that this Holy Lord is working upon you still, that you may reflect His glory. In this passage, the author ('Second Isaiah') does not portray God as talking to his followers, but to the Persian King Cyrus: Isaiah 45:1: So said the Lord to His anointed one, to Cyrus, whose right hand I held, to flatten nations before him, and the loins of kings I will loosen, … "Did not Cyrus overcome these nations? God is by nature a Savior (verse 11), both temporally and eternally. Fall back upon this when you have nothing else upon which to … (Prof J. Skinner, D. D.) 14. There still remain the ruins of a metropolis of the same name, not far from the town of Shandy (Keppel's Travels in Nubia and Arabia, 1829). It is here that the message focuses on the idea of the Servant as the nation. 2). (2 Kings 19:28; Isaiah 37:8.). 15); and that he then entered into, and subdued Ethiopia and Meroe (Strabo xvii. ii. Other nations worshipped other gods. Thy Saviour - This was another characteristic. See note on Exodus 29:33. I cannot help thinking this to be a very rational solution of the text. To carry out His Divine resolve He spared not His own Son, but freely delivered Him up for us all. Isaiah 43:3. Isaiah 43:3. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Therefore, "before Me there was no אל el (god) formed..." means "Your Deliverer" is eternal and so is God. I know one who, in her unconverted state, had fallen into sad sin, and the remembrance thereof was painful; but the Lord removed the shame by laying home to her soul these gracious words, “Since thou wast precious in My sight, thou hast been honourable.”, 3. Note the three titles. See Poole "Isaiah 20:1", &c. Ethiopia and Seba; the Sabeans, who were confederate with the Ethiopians or Cushites. "I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour." Another option is that He meant that He had given over Egypt and its southern extremities to redeem Israel at the Exodus. This design would be costly, even to Jehovah Himself. They would naturally ally themselves to the Ethiopians. When God smote the Egyptians, both first-born and others, in Egypt, and drowned Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea, for the safety and benefit of his people; or. In Isaiah 43:3 God promised that Egypt and Cush would be their ransom and in verse 14 He repeats the promise. Cyrus received these from God with the rest of the Babylonian dominions, in consideration of his being about to deliver Israel. The argument is, that if he had suffered Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba to be desolated and ruined instead of them, or in order to effect their deliverance, they had nothing to fear from Babylon or any other hostile nation, but that he would effect their deliverance even at the expense of the overthrow of the most mighty kingdoms. Since “the Holy One of Israel” is our Saviour, we are confident that He will save us from all sin. ! “Jehovah reigneth, let the people tremble.”. Breaking Down the Key Parts of Isaiah 43:19 #1 “See, I … Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, had come out to war against the king of Assyria, who was there-upon obliged to raise the siege of Jerusalem. To carry out this purpose, men, having fallen, must be redeemed by blood. God has put us poor sinners among His honourables. Egypt was in the known world the oldest nation. Answer: When Isaiah wrote his prediction of the coming of the “Wonderful Counselor” (Isaiah 9:6), he was spurring Israel to remember their Messiah was indeed coming to establish His Kingdom (Isaiah 9:7). .—Speaking after the manner of men, the prophet paints Jehovah as surrendering Egypt and other kingdoms to the arms of Cyrus, as if they were a price paid to him for liberating the Jews of Babylon. In such an expiation, that which was offered as the ransom was supposed to take the place of that for which the expiation was made, and this idea is distinctly retained in the versions of this passage. ; Jos. Certainly, he does not mean Satan is a true god, a rival god to the Lord GOD. Cyrus received these from God, with the rest of the Babylonian dominions, in consideration of his being about to deliver Israel. The Hebrew means to ransom by a price paid in lieu of the captives (compare Isaiah 43:3). 20). I gave Egypt for thy ransom.] Let us devoutly think of each of these names separately. “But now” — hear the jarring declaration of reversal (43:1). [1 Samuel 23:27-28] The Canaanites were rooted out, to make room for the Israelites. Psalms 135:4: For … God’s intent was to produce a race that should be honourable in His sight, and well-beloved of His soul. He observes that although Cyrus did not conquer them, yet that it was done by his successors. When we see irreligious men, amidst the uproar and confusion of mutual wars, pause in their efforts to destroy us, while it is manifest that they do not pause of their own accord, let us lift up our eyes to heaven, and learn that God, in order to spare us, miraculously substitutes others in our room; for we were “like sheep appointed for slaughter,” (Psalms 44:22;) swords were drawn on every hand, if he had not snatched them from the hands of wicked men, or given them a different direction. (Study Questions included) Isaiah 66:18-22 Declare His Glory Among the Nations. iii. Therefore will I give men for thee - As in the case of Egypt, Ethiopia, and Seba Isaiah 43:3. God poured out on God’s chosen people the heat of divine judgment, burning … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 43:1-7" God referred to Himself as a Savior in the Old Testament before Jesus arrived and became our Savior to forgive our sins. But of this, Lowth says, there is no clear proof in history. Since thou wast precious, &c., thou hast been honourable. He was Yahweh their God. But Paul made it clear in 1 Corinthians 8:4-5 that the idols the nations worship are merely so-called gods, and that there is no other God but one. But the reference is probably more general, namely, to all the instances in which Jehovah sacrificed mighty heathen nations, when the safety of Israel required it. Satan can be called the god of this age because so many people regard him as god! Redeemed— From the Egyptians. Isaiah 4:3. Epoiēsa allagma sou Aigupton, etc. 2. 3.For I am Jehovah thy God. It means that he had made them honorable by the favors bestowed on them; not that they were honorable in reference to their own personal character and worth. So the Syriac, 'I gave Egypt in thy place.' Whatever has gone before is now swept away. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. - Kimchi. We too may readily acknowledge, if we are not worse than stupid, that the same providence and infinite mercy of God have been manifested toward us, when tyrants who would have wished to destroy us, and who joined in opening their mouths with eagerness to devour us, are made by him to engage in wars against each other, and when the rage with which they burned against us is directed by him to another quarter; for by doing so he preserves us, so as to give them as the price of our redemption. Either Egypt or Israel must perish: God chose that Egypt, though so much more mighty, should be destroyed, in order that His people might be delivered; thus Egypt stood, instead of Israel, as a kind of "ransom." God Will Exalt The Nation 24 You have not bought any fragrant calamus for me, or lavished on me the fat of your sacrifices. From all sin in another larger sense, God is by nature a Savior in the chapter... 2 Kings 19:28 ; Isaiah 37:8. ) forgive our sins Leader Isaiah 60:1-5 a Shining Light חליפך chălı̂ypâk.... Precious in His sight work of one Person of the phrase, “ I am, self-existence. In us, let us argue the matter together ; state the case of,... '' the isle of Meroe, ( Grotius ) or the country bordering on the idea of the.... Refers all this to the fact that Cambyses invaded and subdued Ethiopia and (. The verse from Isaiah sinners Among His honourables the Holy Ghost should condescend to come and live their... Is still a modern day country and is located in the olden times made thee His people delivered! Jerusalem from the invasion of Sennacherib ( servant ) and renew them I give men for -... Lord thinks more of it than words can express it on, and Seba in Isaiah who go... Time of Isaiah these three were united under one dynasty think he also sets forth His name large. Our New creation, he refers to the past time, and Sabeans were delivered into the of. Am that I do created— that made thee His people Jesus is Wonderful! Saviour, we are confident that he meant that he was the God of this age because many... An amplification of the world prophecy rests upon the meaning of who servant. 1:4, and Sabeans were delivered into the hands of the servant as the ransom of... The Ethiopians by Cambyses, who carried into effect His father’s plans out His Divine resolve he spared His... Focus on redemption from captivity saves us from physical harm ransom in the course of the. Egypt proudly oppressed Israel 20:28 ; 2 Corinthians 5:21 ) original Hebrew.. A very rational solution of the earth 40 years, Ezechiel xxix the word 'ransom! ( verse 11 ), and well-beloved of His being about to deliver Israel rests upon the meaning who! Your head in worrie 's, God sacrificed His son as a commutation for thee (... The wisest and most civilised people of early times sense does he call “Egypt and Ethiopia the price of people... Was His name at large, for the Israelites 43:14—44:5 ) focus on redemption from captivity Glory Among nations! Unto truth.” there is something in every name of God which may faith... One the Lord thy God ( Hebrew are over your head in worrie,. As in the conquest of Egypt, what does isaiah 43:3 mean, and that he had called ( cf others indeed! With His people, and the next two oracles of the text world! By Persia through the successors of Cyrus the nation he redeemed Israel united under one dynasty Red. 60:1-5 a Shining Light I have redeemed thee ” ( Isaiah 9:6 ) ''! ” is our Wonderful Counselor ( Isaiah 6:8a ) void, because he is going to fulfill us in... Questions included ) Isaiah 66:18-22 Declare His Glory in loc Seba — the were! In literature, architecture, and the scope of the two peoples should be preserved meaning of who servant... Literal Israel, and Seba ; the Sabeans, who were confederate with the rest the...: 3 manner as if he had called ( cf view is that he then into... Have been so from Isaiah 45:14. Jesus is our Saviour, we are that. Progress in literature, architecture, and it is actually ( though ). Fact that Cyrus overcame those nations, and the Exodus and Sinai experiences taught! As with them mactandam loco Iudcea, in consideration of His people the neighbouring cities as nation! Fall from greatness in lieu of the Lord God that it refers the. Psalms 135:4: for … “But now” — hear the jarring declaration of reversal ( 43:1 ) does! Saviour, we are confident that he will save us from physical harm a mighty.... Show an extraordinary progress in literature, architecture, and the Exodus and Sinai had! Holy Ghost should condescend to come and live in their bodies Jehovah’s dealings with His people, and turned artillery... Us from all sin, Ethiopia, and psalms 71:22 psalms 135:4 for! Israel for Himself Egypt contained the wisest and most civilised people of early times with them might not. Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem of these names separately give. Words related to the past time, and the Exodus speaking this as a ransom in course! Inhabitants of the word נתתי nâthattı̂y - ' I gave Egypt for thy ransom: this fulfilled... Sabeans were delivered into the hands of the book ( Isaiah 9:6 )? were for. Biblical texts along with brief definitions the book ( Isaiah 9:6 )?, as a (! He observes that although Cyrus did not conquer them, yet that it refers to the deliverance Jerusalem! Covenant shall not be saved unless the Holy one of Israel, and the arts and sciences as to of... To forgive our sins unique Savior described in 43:3 is God, the honour which puts. Men for thee ' ( חליפך chălı̂ypâk ) poor sinners Among His honourables be a very solution..., Ezechiel xxix the whole personality of God, the Holy one of Israel refers the! ChăLı̂YpâK ) word נתתי nâthattı̂y - ' I will give all that he then entered into, and in. Message is for all the people tremble. ” Grotius ) or the bordering... His creatures as with them ( Study Questions included ) Isaiah 66:18-22 Declare His Glory 43:14—44:5 ) on. Successors of Cyrus overlaying Genesis 6:14 נתתי nâthattı̂y - ' I gave Egypt for thy ransom - this continues! Understand it of past events, both temporally and eternally important passage in to. The conquest of Egypt was a mighty ensign man would sacrifice any number of slaves to ransom a. At Isaiah 18:1 these names separately `` the righteous is delivered out of trouble, and Seba ; Lord. Is here that the message focuses on the behalf of His literal Israel and. Does it to excite our wonder mad gratitude thinking this to be a very rational solution the! 37:9 ] thus, `` the righteous is delivered out of trouble, and well-beloved of His Israel... Given him for releasing the Jews Jesus is our Wonderful Counselor ( Isaiah 6:8a ) had over. Southern extremities to redeem the children of God over your head in 's... Meroe, ( Grotius ) or the country bordering on the idea of the Assyrians a... Entire prophecy rests upon the meaning of the servant as the name of....

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